Project MKULTRA is the CIA's top secret mind-control program of the 50s/60s. Born out of Communist paranoia, the intents of the program were good, but its applications unethical. MKULTRA's goal was to create 'Manchurian Agents' able to withstand torture, as well as implement better interrogation techniques on enemy spies. In reality, the CIA was no better than the KGB in terms of ethical experimentation. Citizens were often drugged without their consent. Some were abused physically and sexually.
Operation Paperclip was a top secret CIA program (then known as the OSS) to bring German scientists and technicians to the US after WWII. Many were members of the Nazi party. The extent of how many of them were remorseful of their war crimes is as questionable as this "get out of Nuremburg trials free" card that was handed to them. The OSS justified the use of ex-Nazi scientists in that "the enemy of my Soviet enemy is my friend", in hopes that they'd get the upper hand in the Cold War.
Operation Osoaviakhim was the KGB's (then known as the NKVD) equivalent to the OSS's 'Operation Paperclip', recruiting German scientists and technicians, some former Nazi, in hopes of getting the upper hand in the Cold War and in the Space Race. Yet the NKVD mainly ended up with mid-level engineers and technicians, as well as large amount of parts and manufacturing equipment from the manufacturing bases. Vinzenz von Brandt was recruited to work for the Soviets via this operation.
The Hollywood Blacklist was created by the House of Un-American Activities (HUAC) as a result of McCarthyism, and all-out 'Red Scare' paranoia that occurred in the 50s. Citizens were accused of being Communists, whether there was proof or not, and banned from working for the government. Film industry workers weren't any better off. Many were accused of creating Communist films, and thus blacklisted from working in Hollywood. Carmen's father unfortunately went onto the blacklist.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful 1961 attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba with support from the US government's armed forces, as a way to overthrow Fidel Castro's regime. Cuba became aware of an American plot for invasion due to their intelligence network, and mobilized some of their military in response. The CIA's failure indirectly led to the Cuban Missile Crisis, as well to a very angry President Kennedy wanting to dismantle the CIA...